April 1, 2023

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Division in Education: Instructional Methods and Resources

In this piece, you’ll learn about some of the best classroom strategies and materials for instructing multiplication and division. Use these methods to discover the answers to any math questions.

How Can We Define Division?

Like addition and subtraction, multiplication is one of the four fundamental mathematical operations. Dividing a whole into equal pieces is the mathematical action known as division. The division establishes the divisibility of each part and the outcome of that divisibility.

The simple division includes finding the quotient, or the number of times the divisor can be accommodated in the dividend, by dividing one integer by another. For instance, there is no residual when dividing 10 by 2, as 2 may be inserted into 10 five times.

A division sign (), forward slash (/), or horizontal line with the dividend on top and the divisor on the bottom are common ways to show this operation graphically. When anything is split, the resultant fraction is called the divisor. The quotient is the remainder after division, whereas the dividend is the original integer used in the operation. The n

To discover remainders, factors, and fractions, division is a crucial tool in higher-level mathematics, including algebra, geometry, and calculus. Learning how to divide is essential for solving problems and navigating everyday life.

Differences in Perspective across History

Ancient civilizations, including the Babylonians, Egyptians, and Greeks, created early ways of dividing numbers and solving mathematical problems, marking a significant milestone in the evolution of division. The Babylonians had a number system with a base of 60, which allowed them to divide by multiplying the reciprocals of the dividend and divisor. The Egyptians employed a similar strategy, albeit their unit fraction-based number system made division trickier.

Greek mathematicians such as Euclid and Pythagoras refined division in antiquity. For example, Euclid employed a method analogous to long division by dividing the dividend by the divisor and removing the remainder until the latter was smaller than the former. The greatest common divisor formula that Pythagoras established is still in use today.

Islamic mathematicians like al-Khwarizmi and al-Karaji from the Middle Ages developed more accurate division techniques and popularized the use of fractions. Al-Khwarizmi is also attributed to the invention of algebra, a method of solving mathematical problems that rely heavily on division.

The longevity of division’s significance as a building block of mathematics and problem-solving is attested to by its historical foundations. The development of calculus and other complex mathematical ideas in the contemporary age has led to even wider division applications in modern mathematics and science. Finance, economics, engineering, and even computer science all make use of the division.

Ways for Dividing the Curriculum

The division is an essential mathematical skill, yet many ineffective teaching approaches exist. Teachers can demonstrate the concept of division by dividing a quantity into equal parts or groups using physical items like blocks, counters, or dice. Before going on to more abstract ways, this strategy aids pupils’ ability to visualize the subject.

From the Real to the Unreal

One of the most effective ways to teach division is to have students practice the idea with concrete objects or manipulatives before moving on to more abstract methods. Blocks, counters, and other items are only a few of the various resources available to educators for demonstrating division to their pupils.

Instruction That Focuses on Solving Real-World Problems

Problem-based learning is another method that may be used to teach division. Students are prompted to apply their knowledge of division to real-world problems by using this method. Instructors might assign situations from the actual world that necessitate division skills.

Learning Together

Learning division through group work might be helpful for students who struggle with the concept on their own. The division process may be made more manageable by having students work in small groups with their teachers and offering feedback and assistance to one another.

Material for Use in Dividing Students

Learning division requires good classroom practices and a variety of useful educational resources. Some instances are as follows.


Worksheets focusing on division are a great way to hone your skills in that area. Instructors may assist pupils in gaining self-assurance in their division skills by assigning a range of tasks from easy to challenging.


Students may find it easier to picture solutions to division problems using manipulatives such as blocks or counters. Those who have trouble grasping generalizations may find this extremely helpful.


Teaching division with technology may be quite effective. Games and simulations are two examples of interactive software teachers may employ to keep students interested and provide them with rapid feedback on how they’re doing.

Use of Pictures and Other Images

Division ideas and formulae may be visualized using charts and diagrams. Those who learn best using images and who have difficulty grasping abstract concepts may find this approach particularly useful.


Helping pupils grasp the concept of division calls for a combination of effective teaching approaches and resources. Teachers may provide their students with a solid grounding in a division by employing concrete examples, problem-based learning, and collaborative learning. Teachers may provide their students with the resilience and self-assurance they need to excel in math and beyond by employing various strategies and resources. Worksheets, manipulatives, technology, and visual aids all have their place in helping pupils learn and master division.